ADAM KADMON


ADAM KADMON
ADAM KADMON (Primordial Man), kabbalistic concept. The Gnostics inferred from the verse "Let us make man in our image" (Gen. 1:26) that the physical Adam was created in the image of a spiritual entity also called Adam. The early kabbalah speaks of adam elyon ("supreme man"; in the Zohar the corresponding Aramaic is adam di-l'ela or adam ila'ah). The term sometimes represents the totality of the Divine emanation in the ten sefirot ("spheres") and sometimes in a single Sefirah such as Keter ("crown"), Ḥokhmah ("wisdom"), or Tiferet ("beauty"). The term "Adam Kadmon" is first found in Sod Yedi'at ha-Meẓi'ut, an early 13th-century kabbalistic treatise. In the Tikkunei Zohar, the Divine Wisdom is called Adam ha-Gadol   ("The Great Man"). The spiritual man is hinted at in the verse "a likeness as the appearance of a man" (Ezek. 1:26) which the prophet Ezekiel saw in the vision of the divine chariot. The letters of the Tetragrammaton (see Names of god ) when spelled out in full have the numerical value of 45, as do the letters of the word Adam. In this fact support was found for the revelation of God in the form of a spiritual man (Midrash Ruth Ne'elam in the Zohar). In contrast to the First Man Adam, this spiritual man is called in the Zohar proper the adam kadma'ah ila'ah ("primordial supreme man"), and in Tikkunei Zohar he is called Adam Kadmon ("primordial man") or Adam Kadmon le-khol ha-kedumim ("prototype of primordial man"). In the Kabbalah of isaac luria , great importance and new significance is given to Adam Kadmon. There Adam Kadmon signifies the worlds of light which, after the retraction of the light of ein-sof ("The Infinite"), emanated into primeval space. This Adam Kadmon is the most sublime manifestation of the Deity that is to some extent accessible to human meditation. It ranks higher in this system than all four worlds: Aẓilut ("emanation"), Beri'ah ("creation"), Yeẓirah ("formation"), and Asiyyah ("making"). The portrayal of this Adam Kadmon and his mysteries, and in particular the description of the lights which flow from his ears, mouth, nose, and eyes plays an important role in Ḥayyim Vital 's Eẓ Ḥayyim and in other kabbalistic works of the Lurianic school. Through this theory the mystical anthropomorphism of the school becomes crystallized. This anthropomorphic figure recurs in all the stages and in all the worlds. Consequently there is an adam de-veriah ("man of creation"), adam di-yzirah ("man of formation"), and an adam de-asiyyah ("man of making"). In contrast to Adam Kadmon, who is from the holy emanation, stands Satan, from the world of iniquity. In the Tikkunei Zohar, and subsequently in the Lurianic Kabbalah, Satan is called adam beliyya'al ("evil man"). In the Lurianic Kabbalah, there is no relationship between Adam Kadmon, which is the light which transcends all other lights, and the messiah . Such a connection was made only in the system of the extreme Shabbateans, who believed in the divinity of the Messiah and regarded Shabbetai Ẓevi as the incarnation of Adam Kadmon. (He figures as such in a number of poems of the sect of the doenmeh .) -BIBLIOGRAPHY: S.A. Horodezky, in: Ha-Goren, 10 (1928), 95 ff. (Gershom Scholem)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adam Kadmon — hebräisch: אדם קדמון „ursprünglicher Mensch“ ist ein Begriff des Isaak Luria. Er wird nach den Aussagen der Kabbala und Haggada als Urbild des Menschen verstanden. Dessen Abbild ist der irdische Mensch. Der irdische Mensch aber verlor die drei… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adam kadmon — del hebreo אדמ קדמון y este a su vez del arameo Hombre de la tierra, significa Hombre Primordial [1] en los textos cabalisticos, comparable al Anthropos del gnosticismo,[2] sin embargo, en cábala lurianica,[3] Adam Kadmon tiene un estatús más… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Adam Kadmon — (hebr., erster Mensch), s. Kadmon …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Adam Kadmon — Adam Kadmon,   in der Kabbala, nach der göttliches Sein für Menschen nur in Symbolen fassbar ist, der Urmensch (Erster Adam), der »Mensch im Menschen«, als erste Manifestation der Gottheit und zugleich Bild des Universums. Der Ausdruck findet… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Adam Kadmon — In the religious writings of Kabbalah, Adam Kadmon is a phrase meaning Primordial Man, or Primal Man, comparable to the Anthropos of Gnosticism and Manichaeism. However, in Lurianic Kabbalah, Adam Kadmon acquired much more exalted status,… …   Wikipedia

  • ADAM KADMON —    primeval man as he at first emanated from the Creator, or man in his primeval rudimentary potentiality …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • КАДМОН, АДАМ или ADAM KADMON — (Евр.) Небесный или Божественный Человек, Микрокосм (см.). Он есть проявленный Логос; третий Логос, согласно Оккультизму, или Прообраз Человечества …   Теософский словарь

  • Adam (Bible) — Adam (Hebrew: אָדָם) was, [Brown Driver Briggs, Hebrew and English Lexicon , ISBN 1 56563 206 0, p. 9.] [ Ibid . 1. a man 2. man, mankind .] [ Ibid . From same root adm (אדם), adamah ground or land.] according to a literal interpretation of… …   Wikipedia

  • Adam (Bible) — Adam Pour les articles homonymes, voir Adam (homonymie). La Création d Adam par Michel Ange, plafond de la chapelle Sixtine, au …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adam — may refer to: * Adam (name), a common given name and surname (list of people in that article)Adam, as a word or as an abbreviation, may also refer to:* Adam (Bible), the first man according to the Abrahamic religious tradition * Adam Kadmon, the… …   Wikipedia


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